The vast majority of mouth-blown Mason jars with some sort of 1858 patent date embossing ended up produced in aqua glass. Other colors ended up made use of every now and then, with some shade of amber remaining the commonest choice shades.
Fragmental samples of gothic pickle bottles using this type of distinct ornate design were observed on the website on the Crowleytown Glass Functions (aka Atlantic Glass Works) in New Jersey indicating that these bottles were being possible produced at that locale which was in operation from 1851 to 1866. This glass works burned down in 1866 - a typical destiny for 18th and 19th century glass homes - and wasn't rebuilt (McKearin & Wilson 1978). This design is usually usually uncovered on Civil War campsites (Russell 1998). Equivalent/identical examples of the lesser bottle ended up also observed around the Steamship Bertrand (which sank in April 1865) even now inside the original intact packing cases which indicated the bottles contained honey (Switzer 1974).
The pictured example to the best can be an EXCELSIOR fifty percent gallon jar that was produced by the Excelsior Glass Works (Pittsburgh, PA.) in organization from 1859 to 1886 (Creswick 1987). Click on the subsequent backlinks For additional pictures of the jar: watch of the ground rim and threaded finish; see of your complete EXCELSIOR fruit jar demonstrating The shortage of an abrupt shoulder ledge that standard Mason jars on the period used since the sealing floor.
Capers bottles are uniquely formed in that all the refined variations of recognized capers bottles observed by the creator have eight non-symmetrical sides, four of which are the Similarly slender and inwardly rounded (concave) "corners" which link the opposite four broader sides which are generally of two different widths (i.e., most bottles have an In general rectangular cross-part). Some capers did have equal widths towards the 4 major system panels producing them square in system cross-area; these capers bottles were being referred to as a "square caper" in glass maker catalogs. On the other hand, the most typical cross-section conformation is modestly rectangular (base illustration higher than). These were being called the "flat caper" by bottle makers and experienced two opposite broad sides that were a little wider than another other two opposite extensive sides (Illinois Glass Business 1903).
comm. 2007); close-up with the embossing; shut-up with the neck and end demonstrating the distinctly molded exterior screw threads; impression of One more darkish amethyst case in point. Curtice Brothers was a big ketchup and preserves generating firm that started just after the Civil War and ongoing right until at the very least the late nineteen sixties. They employed the pictured style of bottle from at the least the early 1890s into your early to mid-nineteen twenties (Rinker 1968; Zumwalt 1980). The Just about similar Allen & Lewis bottle at the highest of the segment was probably a regional imitative "knock-off" in the Curtice Brothers nationally common brand.
One of many earliest of your distinctive U. S. bottle models strongly determined with foods have been the gothic or "cathedral" models. As observed in the sauce bottle part earlier mentioned, the gothic type bottle does appear to be distinctly American in origin (McKearin & Wilson 1978). These patterns originated in the course of the mid-19th century "Gothic Revival" era in American and Europe which significantly effected the architecture of the period (Deiss 1981, pers. comm. 2003; Wikipedia.org 2007). This design and style may differ in certain design and style but all share the excellence of not becoming cylindrical (all have 4 or 6 flattened sides) and the body and/or shoulder owning large peaked "church window" indented panels on most or (generally) every one of the sides with further attractive capabilities inside of and/or maybe above the panels, as proven via the illustrations illustrated listed here.
The reasonably wide mouth quart+ bottle/jar mentioned previously - and pictured to the above mentioned left - is labeled (no body embossing) as acquiring been employed for "Crown Brand Queen Olives" with the S. S. Pierce Co. of Boston, MA. This was a considerable Boston dependent foods packing company (of which there were quite a few) which was founded like a corner grocery store in 1831 and immediately blossomed to "Importers and Grocers" developing and importing scores of goods; they were being however in organization as late as 1980 (Zumwalt 1980). This design and style was termed an "English chow," "English pickle," or "chow chow" by bottle makers however was definitely used for other foods (Illinois Glass Co. 1906; Kearns-Gorsuch Bottle Co. 1916). This individual jar has an used, one particular-component "vast packer" (or "wide patent") complete, was blown in a very submit-bottom mildew, and it has one shoulder air venting marks on both sides. Bigger bottles such as this were produced Using these diagnostic functions (the utilized finish & publish-bottom mildew conformation) into the 1890s or maybe early 1900s (specially If your jar was imported) which was Substantially later on than other lesser, narrower bore bottles.
The remainder of this portion is divided into the two big form types for milk bottles: cylindrical (the oldest with the milk bottle kinds) and square/rectangular bottles.
Over the period coated by this Internet site, there were most likely A huge number of diverse rectangular or sq. (some cylindrical) flavoring extract bottles produced by glass makers inside the U.
The pair of rectangular extract bottles pictured into the left are equally device-created and show standard machine-produced characteristics which includes suction scars as the two were items with the Owens Computerized Bottle Device. The bottle on the best side of your graphic is a 6" tall normal ball neck panel bottle with an extremely slender neck ring that is definitely embossed with Mc CORMICK & CO. / BALTIMORE. The bottom is embossed With all the makers mark for that Owens-Illinois Glass Co. that has a plant and day code blend of a "six" and also a "nine" - figures which allow it to be impossible to find out In case the bottle was built in 1936 or 1939 or with the Streator, IL.
This distinct gothic sauce was designed twenty+ many years immediately after the instance over with the only real noticeable variance (Apart from subtle style and design differences) is that it is a little narrower in diameter. The author has observed with each the square and hexagonal designs a definite tendency to narrower bodied bottles given that the 19th century progressed. Also, the square styles seem to possess mostly fallen from favor by the find more early 1890s (reviewed down below) although have been staying produced by at least 1 bottle maker right until 1898 (Hagerty Brothers 1898). Click the following hyperlinks For additional photos of the gothic pepper sauce bottle to the appropriate: base perspective; near-up in the neck and utilized end. (This bottle can also be the square example in The bottom impression over.)
Once more it must be mentioned that the group of bottles lined on this webpage (Foods bottles & Fruit/Canning jars) is quite big and varied. Like all the bottle "typing" (typology) pages linked to the leading Bottle Typing/Diagnostic Shapes webpage, this site just scratched the floor as to the full variety of such bottle types. It does, even so, go over the first kinds that were most often used and encountered within an archaeological context. This webpage has also considerably emphasized mouth-blown bottles considering the fact that that matter is of more familiarity to the creator of the Web page than afterwards twentieth century, equipment-created things.
(St. Louis, MO.) 1922 bottle catalog and was offered in just the 14 ounce sizing - a standard measurement for ketchup bottles. This a single notes its availability with a fascinating "blend complete" which would accept a screw cap, a crown cap, and/or most likely a "Goldy" cap. Click Goldy closure to check out an outline of this sort closure and end around the Bottle Closures web page.
See the introduction to this "Canning Jars" section earlier mentioned for basic producing relevant diagnostic dating information for canning jars.